The Melodic Minor Scale is the second variation of the Minor Natural Scale (Aeolian Mode) and is created by ascending its sixth (6th) and seventh (7th) degrees. Unlike classical music, in popular music (Jazz, MPB, etc …) is used ascending and descending in the same way, ie the same notes.
If we follow the same principles of expanding their modes as on the major scale, we will find the diatonic series of chords and scales, which will then be shown. The name of each of them corresponds to the same ones used in the major harmony, next to its respective modified note/ degree.
EX1: DORIAN maj7
EX2: DORIAN b2
EX3: LYDIAN #5
EX4: LYDIAN b7
EX5: MIXOLYDIAN b6
EX6: LOCRIAN 2
EX7: SUPER LOCRIAN/ ALTERED
New harmonic/ melodic possibilities open up as they begin to expand the musical vocabulary with the melodic scale and their respective modes; And within the popular music there are many chords and cadences derived from this same scale used in combination with chords of major harmony.
A good exercise is to add these 7 modes as a tool within our resources palette to be able to use them within harmonic/ melodic analysis of songs/ standards.
Have fun analyzing and playing new challenges.