The Harmonic Minor Scale is the first variation of the Minor Natural Scale (Aeolian Mode) and is created by ascending its seventh (7th) degree.
If we follow the same principles of expanding their modes as on the major scale, we will find the diatonic series of chords and scales, which will then be shown. The name of each of them corresponds to the same ones used in the major harmony, next to its respective modified note/ degree.
EX1: AEOLIAN maj7
EX3: IONIAN #5
EX4: DORIAN #4
EX5: MIXOLYDIAN b9/b13
EX6: LYDIAN #9
New harmonic/ melodic possibilities open up as they begin to expand the musical vocabulary with the harmonic minor scale and their respective modes; and within the popular music there are many chords and cadences derived from this same scale used in combination with chords of major harmony.
A good exercise is to add these 7 modes as a tool within our resources palette to be able to use them within harmonic/ melodic analysis of songs/ standards.
Have fun analyzing and playing new challenges.